过关检测题 Unit 1 Friendship Ⅰ.语法和词汇知识(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分) 从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的选项。 1.What big fish!Where did you get ________?It is the first time that I ________such fish. A.it;see B.it;have seen C.them;see D.them;have seen 2.After he ________the golf club,he has ________a number of competitions. A.took part in;taken part in C.joined;joined in B.joined in;joined D.joined;taken part in 3. ________two exams to worry about , I have to work really hard this weekend. A. Besides B. With C. As for D. Because of 4.I caught a bad cold last month and it took a whole week for me to ________from it. A.return B.recover C.treat D.cure 5.They became good friends during the war,and since then their lifelong friendship has ________tests of life and death. A.gone through C.stood up 6.—What's wrong with him? —He's________a bad cold. A.suffering from C.having on B.catching D.keeping on B.got through D.cleared up 7. You can't imagine such a well-educated gentleman ___ be so rude to an old man. A. might B. must C. should D. would 8.—Do you like cooking,Sally? —________.Luckily I've never had to worry about it. A.Never mind B.Not reallyC.I don't agree D.You said it 9.----Come on, please give me some ideas about the project. --- Sorry. With so much work ____ my mind, I almost break down. A. filled B. filling C. to fill D. being filled 10.The best way to deal with an impolite person is to ________him. A.ignore B.beat C.watch D.upset 11.According to________survey,there're more and more young people who go for a walk at ________dusk instead of sitting in front of the computer. A.a;the C.the;the B.a;不填 D.不填;不填 12.Richard was disappointed to find his suggestions _____ A. being turned down B. turned down C. to be turned down D. to turn down 13.After he________what the old said,the reporter began to write his report. A.set off B.set up C.set about D.set down 14.________on the MSN,some people often use “88” for “goodbye”. A.When chat C.When chatted B.When chatting D.When to chat 15.It's in the city ________you are going to pay a visit to ________this kind of beer is produced. A./;where C./;that B.where;that D.that;which 16. You should understand the traffic rule by now. You’ve got it ________ often enough. A. explained B. explaining C. explain D. to explain 17. It is no _____ arguing with Bill because he will never change his mind. A. use B. help C. time D. way 18. He ____say that he was wrong. A. did B. do C. have D. does 19. No, I don’t know his number—I have quite enough trouble _____my own. A. remembered B. to remember C. remember D. remembering 20. Great changes _____since you left.A. have taken place B. take place C. had taken place D. took place Ⅱ.完形填空(共20小题 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出选项。 As a teaching student,I was sent on my first practice at a high school.During my practice,awful place of Cliques(派系). Jess,a Year 8 student,always respected her classmates,the lack of a teacher,your instinct (本能) ,but you soon realize that there's only so much you can actually do. 等级).A handsome Year 12 student,and always surrounded by mates,it was clear that he was a confident young man. When Jess asked to perform a solo act in the school talent show,allow her to take the stage,fearing that she might face teasing.However,I knew that to say no on these grounds,The day of the show, in the auditorium.Shortly after the acts began,,she stepped onto stage.The music started and,to my horror, the first line of the song.She became ,sang in the wrong key and forgot her lyrics (歌词).,kids whispered and laughed. Jess looked and was about to give up when the sound of somebody clapping along to the of the song began to rise above the crowd.It was Tyson. ,surprisingly,they did. Slowly,from Tyson's group to the rest of Year 12,finally throughout the auditorium,The smile on Jess's face that day is one that I'll never forget.Tyson changed my 21.A.excitedly B.disappointedly C.gratefully 22.A.in spite of C.apart from 23.A.laughed at D.curiously B.owing to D.in addition to B.came across C.spied on 24.A.dislike 25.A.same 26.A.popular 27.A.agreed C.hesitated 28.A.dangerous C.useless 29.A.but 30.A.teachers C.performers 32.A.turn 33.A.passed 34.A.confused C.ambitious 35.A.up 36.A.hopeless C.bored 37.A.sound 38.A.join in C.settle down 39.A.stopped 40.A.touch D.talked about B.praise C.forgive D.protect B.right C.opposite D.general B.rough C.desperate D.aggressive B.decided D.demanded B.impolite D.unfair B.so C.unless D.if B.classmates D.partners D.celebrated B.role C.step D.choice B.sang C.remembered D.missed B.calm D.unsatisfied B.on C.with B.guilty D.unprepared B.meaning C.beat D.ring B.leave out D.turn up B.spread C.appeared B.power C.faith D.survived D.strength D.through 31.A.watched B.collected C.marched Ⅲ.阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分) 阅读下列短文,从各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出选项。 A Study after study shows that regular moderate walking can help you lose weight and reduce your risk of heart disease. In a study,Japanese researchers tested obese men before and after they joined a one-year modest walking plan.All they did was up the number of steps they took during their daily activities,such as walking from the car to the grocery store.The result: Their blood pressure and cholesterol levels improved and the amount of body fat around their abdomen(腹部) —the dangerous kind of fat that leads to higher rates of heart disease—greatly decreased. That's good news,because walking has now become the most popular fitness activity in the United States.Convenient,simple,and gentle on the joints,walking isperhaps the easiest form of exercise to maintain.According to surveys,four out of five women who start a walking program continue to walk,while half of women who attempt other types of aerobic exercise,such as swimming,few months. Here are some ways to put more walking into your life. 1.Learn the basics.Before you take your next step outdoors,you need to know how much walking to do,and how often. 2.Pick a charity—it could be breast cancer,the American Red Cross,the United Way—and pledge to contribute D|S1 for every mile you walk.You'll take pride in the fact that you are walking for something beyond yourself. 3.Walk with a friend.If she's expecting you,you're more likely to get out of bed on cold winter mornings or skip the cafeteria for a lunchtime walk. 4.Walk for entertainment one day a week.Instead of walking around your neighborhood,walk through the zoo,an art museum,or a shopping mall. 41.Which of the following is NOT the character of walking? A.Convenient C.Gentle B.Difficult D.Simple 42.The underlined phrase “drop out” probably means ________. A.give up B.take part in C.go in for D.fall behind 43.Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A.Many women choose walking for exercise because it is cheap. B.You should walk as much as possible for health. C.Walking with a friend can make you forget hunger. D.Walking for a charity can make you continue to walk. 44.How many women stop walking after they start the walking program? A.1/5 B.2/5 C.1/2 A.Walking can make you healthy. B.Walking can make you wealthy. C.The ways to continue walking in daily life. D.You can make friends through walking. B Have you ever wondered why birds sing?Maybe you thought that they were just happy.After all,you probably sing or whistle(吹口哨)when you are happy.However,some scientists believe that birds sing out of their territory. Do you know what a “territory” is? A territory is an area that an animal,usually D.4/5 45.What's the main idea of the passage?the male,claims(声称)as its own.Only he and his family are welcome there.No other families of the same species are welcome.Your yard and house are your territory where only your family and friends are welcome.If a stranger should enter your territory and threaten you,you might shout.Probably this would be enough to frighten him away. If so,you have actually scared the stranger away without having to fight him.A bird does the same thing.But he expects no outsiders almost any time,especially at nesting(筑巢)season.So he is screaming all the time,whether he can see an outsider or not.This screaming is what we call a bird's song,and it is usually enough to keep an outsider away. Birds sing loudest in the spring when they are trying to attract a mate and warn others not to enter the territory of theirs. You can see that birds have a language of their own.Most of it has to do with attracting mates and setting up territories. 46.Some scientists believe that most of the time birds' singing is actually________. A.an expression of happiness B.a way of warning C.an expression of anger D.a way of greeting 47.What is a bird's “territory”? A.A place where families of other species are accepted. B.A place where a bird may shout at the top of its voice. C.An area for which birds fight against each other. D.An area which a bird considers to be its own. 48.Why do birds keep on singing at nesting season? A.Because they want to invite more friends. B.Because their singing helps frighten outsiders away. C.Because they want to find outsiders around. D.Because their singing helps get rid of their fears. 49.How does the writer explain birds' singing? A.By comparing birds with human beings. B.By reporting experiment results. C.By describing birds' daily life. D.By telling a bird's story. 50.Where will you probably find the passage? A.A textbook. B.A newspaper. C.A science report. D.A guidebook. C Can dogs and cats live in perfect harmony in the same home?People who are thinking about adopting a dog as a friend for their cats are worried that they willfight.A recent research has found a new recipe of success.According to the study,if the cat is adopted before the dog,and if they are introduced when still young (less than 6 months for cats,a year for dogs),it is highly probable that the two pets will get along thirds of the homes interviewed reported a positive relationship between their cat and dog. However,it wasn't all sweetness and light.There was a reported coldness between the cat and dog in 25% of the homes,while aggression and fighting were observed in 10% of the homes.One reason for this is probably that some of their body signals were just opposite.For example,when a cat turns its head away it signals aggression,while a dog doing the same signals submission. In homes with cats and dogs living peacefully,researchers observed a surprising behaviour.They are learning how to talk each other's language.It is a surprise that cats can learn how to talk “Dog”,and dogs can learn how to talk “Cat”. What's interesting is that both cats and dogs have appeared to develop their intelligence.They can learn how to read each other's body signals,suggesting that the two may have more in common than we previously suspected.Once familiar with each other's presence and body language,cats and dogs can play together,greet each other nose to nose,and enjoy sleeping together on the sofa.They can easily share the same water bowl and in some cases groom(梳理)each other. The significance of the research on cats and dogs may go beyond pets—to people who don't get along,including neighbors,colleagues at work,and even world superpowers.If cats and dogs can learn to get along,surely people have a good chance. 51.The underlined word “swimmingly” in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to________. A.early B.sweetly C.quickly D.smoothly 52.Some cats and dogs may fight when________. A.they are cold to each other B.they look away from each other C.they misunderstood each other's signals D.they are introduced at an early age 53.What is found surprising about cats and dogs? A.They eat and sleep each other. B.They observe each other's behaviors. C.They learn to speak each other's language. D.They know something from each other's voices. 54.It is suggested in Paragraph 4 that cats and dogs________. A.have common interests B.are less different than was thought C.have a common body language D.are less intelligent than was expected 55.What can we human beings learn from cats and dogs?A.We should learn to live in harmony. B.We should know more about animals. C.We should live in peace with animals. D.We should learn more body languages. D Finally,I got a part-time job working at the local coffee shop.I had figured that the job would be easy.However,the actual situation was not what I had expected.The customers were hard to please.There was always too much sugar,too little ice,or not enough skimmed milk.However,I kept at it. One rainy day,Hank,one of my regular customers,came in looking sad and defeated.I asked what the problem was and if we could help,but Hank wouldn't tell me any details.He just said he felt like going to bed,pulling the sheets up over his head,and staying there for a few days.I knew exactly how he felt. Before he left,I handed him a bag of his favorite type of doughnuts(甜面圈)along with his iced coffee.He looked at me skeptically because he hadn't ordered anything else except iced coffee.“It's on me,”I told him,“Have a nice day.” He smiled and thanked me before turning around and heading back out into the rain.The next day was a horrible one.The rain kept pouring down and I spent my afternoon hanging out the window,handing people their orders.What's worse,no one felt like tipping that day.However,around 7:00 p.m.Hank drove up to the window.Instead of ordering anything,he handed me a single pink rose and a little note.He said that few people take the time to care about others nowadays and he was glad there were still people like me in the world.I was speechless and very touched;I hadn't thought that I had done anything incredible. The note read: Christine, Thanks for being so sweet,kind and thoughtful yesterday.I was sincerely touched by you.It is so nice to meet someone that's nice,warm,sensitive and unselfish.Please don't change your ways because I truly believe that you will excel.Have a great day! Hank Later,I did come across more complaining customers.But anytime I felt sad or just sick of coffee,I thought of Hank and his kindness.Then I would smile,hold my head up high,clear my throat and ask politely,“How can I help you?” 56.How did the author feel after he began to work at the coffee shop? A.Excited. C.Disappointed. B.Confused. D.Satisfied. 57.What happened to the regular customer of the author? A.He was very sick and had to stay in bed for some days.B.He was not satisfied with the coffee served to him. C.He was anxious to stay at home for a long time. D.He was not feeling himself for some reasons. 58.What does the underlined word “skeptically” probably mean in the passage? A.questioningly C.anxiously B.hopefully D.excitedly 59.It was Hank who helped the author realize the importance of ________. A.patience in one's work B.being kind to regular customers C.taking time to care about others D.sticking to one's own career 60.What is the BEST title of the passage? A.A warm-hearted man B.Coffee shop kindness C.My part-time job D.A horrible raining day Ⅳ. 七选五根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 A garden that’s just right for you Have you ever visited a garden that seemed just right for you, where the atmosphere of the garden appeared to total more than the sum(总和) of its parts?__61__.But it doesn’t happen by accident. It starts with looking inside yourself and understanding who you are with respect to the natural world and how you approach the gardening process. ?__62__ Some people may think that a garden is no more than plants, flowers, patterns and masses of color. Others are concerned about using gardening methods that require less water and fewer fertilizers(肥料).__63__.However, there are a number of other reasons that might explain why you want to garden. One of them comes from our earliest years. ?Recall(回忆)your childhood memories Our model of what a garden should be often goes back to childhood. Grandma’s rose garden and Dad’s vegetable garden might be good or bad, but that’s not what’s important.__64__—how being in those gardens made us feel. If you’d like to build a powerful bond with your garden, start by taking some time to recall the gardens of your youth.__65__.Then go outside and work out a plan to translate your childhood memories into your grown-up garden. Have fun. A.Know why you garden B.Find a good place for your own garden C.It’s our experience of the garden that matters D.It’s delightful to see so many beautiful flowersE.Still others may simply enjoy being outdoors and close to plants F.You can produce that kind of magical quality in your own garden, too G.For each of those gardens, write down the strongest memory you have Ⅴ. 语法填空:在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 In much of Asia,especially the so-called “rice bowl” cultures of China,Japan,Korea,__66__Vietnam,food is usually eaten with chopsticks. Chopsticks are usually two long,thin pieces of wood or bamboo.They can also be made of plastic,animal bone or metal.Sometimes chopsticks are quite artistic.Truly elegant chopsticks might__67__(make)of gold and silver with Chinese characters.Skilled workers also combine various hardwoods and metal __68__(create)special designs. The Chinese have used chopsticks for five thousand years.People probably cooked their food in large pots, __69__(use)twigs(树枝)to remove it.Over time,__70__the population grew,people began cutting food into small pieces so it would cook more quickly. Food in small pieces could be eaten easily with twigs which__71__(gradual)turned into chopsticks. Some people think that the great Chinese scholar Confucius,__72__lived from roughly 551 to 479 B.C.,influenced the__73__(develop)of chopsticks.Confucius believed knives would remind people of killings and __74_(be)too violent for use at the table. Chopsticks are not used everywhere in Asia.In India,for example,most people traditionally eat __75__their hands. VI. 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(﹨)划掉。 删除:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

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